Argentina: La Suspensión De La Prescripción Por La Mediación En La Ciudad Autónoma De Buenos Aires Y Provincia De Buenos Aires. Impacto Del Código Civil Y Comercial

Last Updated: 19 April 2017
Article by Javier Santiere

El Código Civil y Comercial de la Nación ha introducido cambios en materia de suspensión del curso de prescripción provocada por este procedimiento prejudicial. Nos interesa destacar si ha impactado en las normas vigentes en ambas jurisdicciones y su incidencia respecto de la oportunidad de la baja del caso en el registro de actuaciones judiciales de las Aseguradoras.

Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires

El Código Civil y Comercial de la Nación no distingue entre la mediación denominada pública y la privada. Esta falta de diferenciación no contempla, entonces, el distinto tratamiento que la Ley de Mediaciones tiene respecto del inicio del cómputo de la suspensión del curso de la prescripción.

Recordemos que, al igual que lo que establece la Ley de mediaciones para el supuesto de las privadas, el Código únicamente dispone que la suspensión operará desde la expedición por medio fehaciente de la comunicación de la fecha de la audiencia de mediación o desde su celebración, lo que ocurra primero. Ahora bien, nada dice respecto de las públicas sobre esta cuestión.

Esta diferencia entre el régimen especial vigente y la Ley posterior, pero de carácter general, podría generar controversias interpretativas.

La solución vendría dada por el artículo 2.532 del Código Civil y Comercial de la Nación al indicar que "En ausencia de disposiciones específicas, las normas de este Capítulo son aplicables a la prescripción adquisitiva y liberatoria...". Como vimos, en este caso existe una disposición específica para las mediaciones públicas de una norma especial que mantendría su vigencia.

En conclusión, tal diferencia no tendría impacto respecto del régimen local vigente.

De igual forma, tampoco observamos que las disposiciones del Código tengan impacto con relación a los demás puntos relevantes vinculados con el tema propuesto en este trabajo (efecto suspensivo de la mediación, plazo de la suspensión y límite temporal).

Provincia de Buenos Aires

Respecto del régimen vigente en esta jurisdicción, consideramos que el Código Civil y Comercial de la Nación ha introducido modificaciones a la Ley local respecto de los siguientes puntos:

Inicio del Cómputo de la suspensión

La Ley provincial 13.951 no disponía específicamente desde qué momento debía computarse el inicio del plazo de suspensión del curso de la prescripción, lo que fue materia de regulación por intermedio de su Decreto Reglamentario 2530/10.

Sin embargo, considerando una cuestión de jerarquía normativa, prevalece lo dispuesto por la Ley de fondo, o sea, por el Código Civil y Comercial de la Nación.

En consecuencia, la suspensión operará desde la expedición por medio fehaciente de la comunicación de la fecha de la audiencia de mediación o desde su celebración, lo que ocurra primero.

Plazo de la suspensión

Por lo dispuesto en el artículo 40 de la Ley de Mediaciones provincial, el curso de la prescripción se suspendía por el término de 1 (un) año; en virtud de su remisión al artículo 3.986, segundo párrafo, del viejo Código Civil de la Nación (hoy derogado).

En consecuencia, encontrándose derogado el artículo del anterior Código Civil al que remitía la Ley local, consideramos aplicable, desde la entrada en vigencia del nuevo Código, lo establecido por este último en su artículo 2.542, o sea, que el curso de la prescripción se suspende durante la etapa de mediación y se reanuda a partir de los 20 días contados desde el momento en que el acta de cierre del procedimiento de mediación se encuentre disponible para las partes.

Registración de las mediaciones. Baja por prescripción

De conformidad con lo establecido en el Reglamento General de la Actividad Aseguradora, según texto Resolución SSN 38.708/2014; la valuación de las mediaciones debe mantenerse hasta su pago, transformación en juicio o la prescripción de la acción.

En el caso de que no se realizara el pago de la obligación reclamada o que no se recibiera notificación con el traslado de la demanda o citación en garantía, según el caso; al Entidad Aseguradora deberá mantener constituida una reserva o pasivo, cuya determinación establece el reglamento, que irá decreciendo en función del paso del tiempo, computado desde la fecha de registración de la mediación en el libro de Actuaciones Judiciales y/o Mediaciones y sólo podrá darla de baja al producirse la prescripción.

En atención a ello, resulta de suma relevancia considerar especialmente las modificaciones introducidas por el nuevo Código Civil y Comercial de la Nación en materia de prescripción, de la suspensión de su curso por mediación y tener presente los plazos de la prescripción liberatoria con relación a las distintas acciones y, en particular, aquellas que generan mayor litigiosidad.

Entre estas últimas podemos mencionar el reclamo de indemnización de daños derivados de la responsabilidad civil que el Código modifica estableciendo un plazo de 3 (tres) años y el plazo de prescripción de 1 (un) año de las acciones fundadas en el contrato de seguro conforme la Ley 17.418, cuya vigencia en este punto queda ratificada por los artículos 2.532 y 2.560 del Código Civil y Comercial de la Nación al establecer la prevalencia de los plazos de prescripción que fijen las disposiciones específicas o la legislación local.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on Mondaq.com.

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Authors
 
Some comments from our readers…
“The articles are extremely timely and highly applicable”
“I often find critical information not available elsewhere”
“As in-house counsel, Mondaq’s service is of great value”

Up-coming Events Search
Tools
Print
Font Size:
Translation
Channels
Mondaq on Twitter
 
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
 
Email Address
Company Name
Password
Confirm Password
Position
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Accounting
 Anti-trust
 Commercial
 Compliance
 Consumer
 Criminal
 Employment
 Energy
 Environment
 Family
 Finance
 Government
 Healthcare
 Immigration
 Insolvency
 Insurance
 International
 IP
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Litigation
 Media & IT
 Privacy
 Real Estate
 Strategy
 Tax
 Technology
 Transport
 Wealth Mgt
Regions
Africa
Asia
Asia Pacific
Australasia
Canada
Caribbean
Europe
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
U.K.
United States
Worldwide Updates
Registration
Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including what sort of information you are interested in, for three primary purposes:
  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, newsletter alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our information providers who provide information free for your use.
  • Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) do not sell or provide your details to third parties other than information providers. The reason we provide our information providers with this information is so that they can measure the response their articles are receiving and provide you with information about their products and services.
    If you do not want us to provide your name and email address you may opt out by clicking here
    If you do not wish to receive any future announcements of products and services offered by Mondaq you may opt out by clicking here

    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Statement

    Mondaq.com (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd and as a user you are granted a non-exclusive, revocable license to access the Website under its terms and conditions of use. Your use of the Website constitutes your agreement to the following terms and conditions of use. Mondaq Ltd may terminate your use of the Website if you are in breach of these terms and conditions or if Mondaq Ltd decides to terminate your license of use for whatever reason.

    Use of www.mondaq.com

    You may use the Website but are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the content and articles available (the Content). You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these terms & conditions or with the prior written consent of Mondaq Ltd. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information about Mondaq.com’s content, users or contributors in order to offer them any services or products which compete directly or indirectly with Mondaq Ltd’s services and products.

    Disclaimer

    Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the documents and related graphics published on this server for any purpose. All such documents and related graphics are provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers hereby disclaim all warranties and conditions with regard to this information, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. In no event shall Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information available from this server.

    The documents and related graphics published on this server could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically added to the information herein. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described herein at any time.

    Registration

    Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including what sort of information you are interested in, for three primary purposes:

    • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting.
    • To enable features such as password reminder, newsletter alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
    • To produce demographic feedback for our information providers who provide information free for your use.

    Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) do not sell or provide your details to third parties other than information providers. The reason we provide our information providers with this information is so that they can measure the response their articles are receiving and provide you with information about their products and services.

    Information Collection and Use

    We require site users to register with Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to view the free information on the site. We also collect information from our users at several different points on the websites: this is so that we can customise the sites according to individual usage, provide 'session-aware' functionality, and ensure that content is acquired and developed appropriately. This gives us an overall picture of our user profiles, which in turn shows to our Editorial Contributors the type of person they are reaching by posting articles on Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) – meaning more free content for registered users.

    We are only able to provide the material on the Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) site free to site visitors because we can pass on information about the pages that users are viewing and the personal information users provide to us (e.g. email addresses) to reputable contributing firms such as law firms who author those pages. We do not sell or rent information to anyone else other than the authors of those pages, who may change from time to time. Should you wish us not to disclose your details to any of these parties, please tick the box above or tick the box marked "Opt out of Registration Information Disclosure" on the Your Profile page. We and our author organisations may only contact you via email or other means if you allow us to do so. Users can opt out of contact when they register on the site, or send an email to unsubscribe@mondaq.com with “no disclosure” in the subject heading

    Mondaq News Alerts

    In order to receive Mondaq News Alerts, users have to complete a separate registration form. This is a personalised service where users choose regions and topics of interest and we send it only to those users who have requested it. Users can stop receiving these Alerts by going to the Mondaq News Alerts page and deselecting all interest areas. In the same way users can amend their personal preferences to add or remove subject areas.

    Cookies

    A cookie is a small text file written to a user’s hard drive that contains an identifying user number. The cookies do not contain any personal information about users. We use the cookie so users do not have to log in every time they use the service and the cookie will automatically expire if you do not visit the Mondaq website (or its affiliate sites) for 12 months. We also use the cookie to personalise a user's experience of the site (for example to show information specific to a user's region). As the Mondaq sites are fully personalised and cookies are essential to its core technology the site will function unpredictably with browsers that do not support cookies - or where cookies are disabled (in these circumstances we advise you to attempt to locate the information you require elsewhere on the web). However if you are concerned about the presence of a Mondaq cookie on your machine you can also choose to expire the cookie immediately (remove it) by selecting the 'Log Off' menu option as the last thing you do when you use the site.

    Some of our business partners may use cookies on our site (for example, advertisers). However, we have no access to or control over these cookies and we are not aware of any at present that do so.

    Log Files

    We use IP addresses to analyse trends, administer the site, track movement, and gather broad demographic information for aggregate use. IP addresses are not linked to personally identifiable information.

    Links

    This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that Mondaq (or its affiliate sites) are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of these third party sites. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this Web site.

    Surveys & Contests

    From time-to-time our site requests information from users via surveys or contests. Participation in these surveys or contests is completely voluntary and the user therefore has a choice whether or not to disclose any information requested. Information requested may include contact information (such as name and delivery address), and demographic information (such as postcode, age level). Contact information will be used to notify the winners and award prizes. Survey information will be used for purposes of monitoring or improving the functionality of the site.

    Mail-A-Friend

    If a user elects to use our referral service for informing a friend about our site, we ask them for the friend’s name and email address. Mondaq stores this information and may contact the friend to invite them to register with Mondaq, but they will not be contacted more than once. The friend may contact Mondaq to request the removal of this information from our database.

    Emails

    From time to time Mondaq may send you emails promoting Mondaq services including new services. You may opt out of receiving such emails by clicking below.

    *** If you do not wish to receive any future announcements of services offered by Mondaq you may opt out by clicking here .

    Security

    This website takes every reasonable precaution to protect our users’ information. When users submit sensitive information via the website, your information is protected using firewalls and other security technology. If you have any questions about the security at our website, you can send an email to webmaster@mondaq.com.

    Correcting/Updating Personal Information

    If a user’s personally identifiable information changes (such as postcode), or if a user no longer desires our service, we will endeavour to provide a way to correct, update or remove that user’s personal data provided to us. This can usually be done at the “Your Profile” page or by sending an email to EditorialAdvisor@mondaq.com.

    Notification of Changes

    If we decide to change our Terms & Conditions or Privacy Policy, we will post those changes on our site so our users are always aware of what information we collect, how we use it, and under what circumstances, if any, we disclose it. If at any point we decide to use personally identifiable information in a manner different from that stated at the time it was collected, we will notify users by way of an email. Users will have a choice as to whether or not we use their information in this different manner. We will use information in accordance with the privacy policy under which the information was collected.

    How to contact Mondaq

    You can contact us with comments or queries at enquiries@mondaq.com.

    If for some reason you believe Mondaq Ltd. has not adhered to these principles, please notify us by e-mail at problems@mondaq.com and we will use commercially reasonable efforts to determine and correct the problem promptly.

    By clicking Register you state you have read and agree to our Terms and Conditions