United States: Colorado Amends Data Breach Notification Statute

On May 29, 2018, Colorado Governor John Hickenlooper signed House Bill ("HB") 1128 into law, amending the State's data breach notification statute and imposing significant new requirements on entities that must notify Colorado residents of a data incident pursuant to Colo. Rev. Stat. § 6-1-716. Among its provisions, HB 1128 expands the law's definition of "personal information," adds content requirements and a 30-day time limit for consumer notification, and requires entities to notify the Colorado Attorney General of any breach affecting more than 500 Colorado residents. Previously, entities were not required to notify the Colorado Attorney General regarding a breach of any size.

HB 1128, which goes into effect on September 1, 2018, reshapes Colorado's data breach notification statute as follows:

  • Expands Definition of "Personal Information": Colorado's statute currently defines personal information as an individual's first name or first initial and last name, plus one or more of the following:

    • Social Security Number;
    • Driver's license or identification card number;
    • Account number or credit/debit card number, in combination with any required security code, access code, or password that would permit access to the account.
  • HB 1128 will expand the definition of "personal information" to include an individual's first name or first initial and last name, plus one or more of the following:

    • student, military, or passport identification number;
    • medical information;
    • health insurance identification number; or
    • biometric data.
  • HB 1128 will also expand the definition of "personal information" to include the following data sets, even when not linked with a Colorado resident's name:

    • a username or email address, combined with the password or security question and answers that provides access to the account; or
    • a resident's account number, or credit or debit card number, combined with any security code, access code, or password that permits access to the account.
  • Requires Protection of Personal Information: HB 1128 requires covered entities to implement and maintain reasonable security procedures and practices appropriate to the nature of the personal information maintained and the nature and size of the business/operation.
  • Strikes In-State Business Nexus Requirement: Under the current Colorado data breach notification statute, an entity that conducts business in Colorado and owns or licenses electronic data containing Colorado residents' personal information must notify affected residents of a breach. HB 1128 eliminates this requirement, applying the Colorado data breach notification statute to entities that may have no business relationship with Colorado but that otherwise maintain, own, or license personal information belonging to one or more Colorado residents.
  • Imposes 30-day Time Limit for Notification: Beginning September 1, an entity subject to the Colorado data breach notification statute must notify consumers within 30 days after determining that a breach may have occurred.
  • Adds Notification Content Requirements: Currently, Colorado's breach notification statute does not require consumer notification to contain any particular information regarding a data incident. Once HB 1128 goes into effect, consumer notification must include the following:

    • The date or estimated date(s) of the breach;
    • A description of the personal information acquired or reasonably believed to have been acquired;
    • The entity's contact information for residents to inquire about the breach;
    • The toll-free numbers, addresses, and websites of the nationwide consumer reporting agencies (CRAs);
    • The toll-free number, address, and website of the Federal Trade Commission (FTC); and
    • A statement that residents can obtain information about fraud alerts and security freezes from the FTC and the CRAs.
  • Requires Specific Notice for Breaches Affecting Usernames and Email Accounts: Once HB 1128 takes effect, covered entities will be required to direct residents whose usernames and/or email addresses and access credentials were affected and are reasonably likely to be misused to promptly change their passwords and security questions / answers, or to take other steps to protect their relevant online accounts.
  • Imposes Regulatory Notifications: Once HP 1128 takes effect, if a breach affects 500 or more Colorado residents, a covered entity will also be required to provide notice to the state's Attorney General within 30 days.

Businesses and other organizations outside The Centennial State should assess whether their practices will soon fall under the Colorado breach notification statute's revised scope before the amendments go into effect. Moreover, entities covered by Colo. Rev. Stat. § 6-1-716 will need to revisit their breach notification policies and procedures, and their general information security policies and procedures, to ensure they will be ready to comply with the host of new requirements mandated by HB 1128 before September 1. Entities should consult with experienced counsel well-versed in the different data breach notification standards across the 50 states and territories, as well as in incident and breach response preparedness, to ensure their breach policies and procedures are in line with Colorado's changing breach notification requirements.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on Mondaq.com.

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Similar Articles
Relevancy Powered by MondaqAI
Lewis Brisbois Bisgaard & Smith LLP
In association with
Related Topics
Similar Articles
Relevancy Powered by MondaqAI
Lewis Brisbois Bisgaard & Smith LLP
Related Articles
Related Video
Up-coming Events Search
Font Size:
Mondaq on Twitter
Mondaq Free Registration
Gain access to Mondaq global archive of over 375,000 articles covering 200 countries with a personalised News Alert and automatic login on this device.
Mondaq News Alert (some suggested topics and region)
Select Topics
Registration (please scroll down to set your data preferences)

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including your content preferences, for three primary purposes (full details of Mondaq’s use of your personal data can be found in our Privacy and Cookies Notice):

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting to show content ("Content") relevant to your interests.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, news alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our content providers ("Contributors") who contribute Content for free for your use.

Mondaq hopes that our registered users will support us in maintaining our free to view business model by consenting to our use of your personal data as described below.

Mondaq has a "free to view" business model. Our services are paid for by Contributors in exchange for Mondaq providing them with access to information about who accesses their content. Once personal data is transferred to our Contributors they become a data controller of this personal data. They use it to measure the response that their articles are receiving, as a form of market research. They may also use it to provide Mondaq users with information about their products and services.

Details of each Contributor to which your personal data will be transferred is clearly stated within the Content that you access. For full details of how this Contributor will use your personal data, you should review the Contributor’s own Privacy Notice.

Please indicate your preference below:

Yes, I am happy to support Mondaq in maintaining its free to view business model by agreeing to allow Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors whose Content I access
No, I do not want Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors

Also please let us know whether you are happy to receive communications promoting products and services offered by Mondaq:

Yes, I am happy to received promotional communications from Mondaq
No, please do not send me promotional communications from Mondaq
Terms & Conditions

Mondaq.com (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd (Mondaq). Mondaq grants you a non-exclusive, revocable licence to access the Website and associated services, such as the Mondaq News Alerts (Services), subject to and in consideration of your compliance with the following terms and conditions of use (Terms). Your use of the Website and/or Services constitutes your agreement to the Terms. Mondaq may terminate your use of the Website and Services if you are in breach of these Terms or if Mondaq decides to terminate the licence granted hereunder for any reason whatsoever.

Use of www.mondaq.com

To Use Mondaq.com you must be: eighteen (18) years old or over; legally capable of entering into binding contracts; and not in any way prohibited by the applicable law to enter into these Terms in the jurisdiction which you are currently located.

You may use the Website as an unregistered user, however, you are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the Content or to receive the Services.

You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these Terms or with the prior written consent of Mondaq. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information from the Content. Nor shall you extract information about users or Contributors in order to offer them any services or products.

In your use of the Website and/or Services you shall: comply with all applicable laws, regulations, directives and legislations which apply to your Use of the Website and/or Services in whatever country you are physically located including without limitation any and all consumer law, export control laws and regulations; provide to us true, correct and accurate information and promptly inform us in the event that any information that you have provided to us changes or becomes inaccurate; notify Mondaq immediately of any circumstances where you have reason to believe that any Intellectual Property Rights or any other rights of any third party may have been infringed; co-operate with reasonable security or other checks or requests for information made by Mondaq from time to time; and at all times be fully liable for the breach of any of these Terms by a third party using your login details to access the Website and/or Services

however, you shall not: do anything likely to impair, interfere with or damage or cause harm or distress to any persons, or the network; do anything that will infringe any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights of Mondaq or any third party; or use the Website, Services and/or Content otherwise than in accordance with these Terms; use any trade marks or service marks of Mondaq or the Contributors, or do anything which may be seen to take unfair advantage of the reputation and goodwill of Mondaq or the Contributors, or the Website, Services and/or Content.

Mondaq reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to take any action that it deems necessary and appropriate in the event it considers that there is a breach or threatened breach of the Terms.

Mondaq’s Rights and Obligations

Unless otherwise expressly set out to the contrary, nothing in these Terms shall serve to transfer from Mondaq to you, any Intellectual Property Rights owned by and/or licensed to Mondaq and all rights, title and interest in and to such Intellectual Property Rights will remain exclusively with Mondaq and/or its licensors.

Mondaq shall use its reasonable endeavours to make the Website and Services available to you at all times, but we cannot guarantee an uninterrupted and fault free service.

Mondaq reserves the right to make changes to the services and/or the Website or part thereof, from time to time, and we may add, remove, modify and/or vary any elements of features and functionalities of the Website or the services.

Mondaq also reserves the right from time to time to monitor your Use of the Website and/or services.


The Content is general information only. It is not intended to constitute legal advice or seek to be the complete and comprehensive statement of the law, nor is it intended to address your specific requirements or provide advice on which reliance should be placed. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the Content for any purpose. All Content provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers hereby exclude and disclaim all representations, warranties or guarantees with regard to the Content, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Mondaq expressly excludes all representations, warranties, obligations, and liabilities arising out of or in connection with all Content. In no event shall Mondaq and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use of the Content or performance of Mondaq’s Services.


Mondaq may alter or amend these Terms by amending them on the Website. By continuing to Use the Services and/or the Website after such amendment, you will be deemed to have accepted any amendment to these Terms.

These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales and you irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales to settle any dispute which may arise out of or in connection with these Terms. If you live outside the United Kingdom, English law shall apply only to the extent that English law shall not deprive you of any legal protection accorded in accordance with the law of the place where you are habitually resident ("Local Law"). In the event English law deprives you of any legal protection which is accorded to you under Local Law, then these terms shall be governed by Local Law and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these Terms shall be subject to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts where you are habitually resident.

You may print and keep a copy of these Terms, which form the entire agreement between you and Mondaq and supersede any other communications or advertising in respect of the Service and/or the Website.

No delay in exercising or non-exercise by you and/or Mondaq of any of its rights under or in connection with these Terms shall operate as a waiver or release of each of your or Mondaq’s right. Rather, any such waiver or release must be specifically granted in writing signed by the party granting it.

If any part of these Terms is held unenforceable, that part shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to give effect to the intent of the parties, and the Terms shall continue in full force and effect.

Mondaq shall not incur any liability to you on account of any loss or damage resulting from any delay or failure to perform all or any part of these Terms if such delay or failure is caused, in whole or in part, by events, occurrences, or causes beyond the control of Mondaq. Such events, occurrences or causes will include, without limitation, acts of God, strikes, lockouts, server and network failure, riots, acts of war, earthquakes, fire and explosions.

By clicking Register you state you have read and agree to our Terms and Conditions