United States: Troutman Sanders Strategies Election Report

Election Overview: The White House

One of the most historical and headline-producing races for the White House in recent memory is finally over, and Donald Trump has officially been chosen as the President-elect over Democrat candidate Hillary Clinton. Contradicting almost all polls and beltway punditry, Donald Trump and his Vice President-elect, Mike Pence, are to be sworn into the White House on January 20, 2017.

Trump won at least 276 Electoral College votes (Alaska, Arizona, Minnesota, Michigan, and New Hampshire have yet to be called and could boost Trump's EC count). He trails slightly in the popular vote to Clinton.

Trump's victory will largely be seen as a repudiation on the past 8 years of Obama's presidency and a testament to the frustration that working class voters, reflected by his victories in Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, and North Carolina.

Trump's transition team will now begin to diligently vet and offer positions for his White House staff and administration. His senior-most White House staff will likely come first, followed by the Cabinet, and then by other high-ranking administration positions. Trump has made it a mandate to hire from the private sector wherever possible.

Below are some speculative names of who could fill Trump's Cabinet or White House staff positions. Listed are possible positions they could fill, though some could fit into multiple roles.

Chief of Staff

  • Reince Preibus

Attorney General

  • Chris Christie
  • Rudy Giuliani

Secretary of Education

  • Ben Carson
  • William Evers

Secretary of State

  • Newt Gingrich
  • Senator Bob Corker

Secretary of Defense

  • Stephen Hadley
  • Senator Jeff Sessions
  • Mike Flynn

Secretary of Health and Human Services

  • Rick Scott
  • Ben Carson

Secretary of Commerce

  • Dan DiMicco
  • Wilbur Ross
  • Senator David Perdue

Secretary of the Interior

  • Forrest Lucas
  • Rep. Cynthia Lummis
  • Sarah Palin

Secretary of Treasury

  • Steve Mnuchin
  • Rep. Jeb Hensarling

Secretary of Veterans Affairs

  • Rep. Jeff Miller

Secretary of Agriculture

  • Sid Miller
  • Gov. Rick Perry
  • Gov. Sonny Perdue

Secretary of Energy

  • Harold Hamm

Secretary of Homeland Security

  • David Clarke
  • Chris Christie

Secretary of Labor

  • Victoria Lipnick

Election Overview: U.S. Senate

In what many considered a unlikely outcome for Senate Republicans, they will maintain their majority in the 115th Congress. Prior to Election Day, the Republicans held 54 seats in the Senate compared to 46 for Democrats (including 2 Independents). On Tuesday, Republicans were defending 24 seats whereas Democrats only had to defend 10.

The 115th Senate will consist of at least 52 Republicans. New Hampshire has not yet been determined and will likely head for a recount. If Kelly Ayotte retains her seat against Maggie Hassan, then Republicans will have 53 seats. Louisiana will hold a runoff on December 10, but it is largely expected to remain a Republican seat.

Democrats will hold at least 47 seats, possibly 48 depending on the results of the New Hampshire race. Democrats gained a seat in Illinois by defeating incumbent Mark Kirk, the only Senate seat changing party thus far.

Senate Republicans and Democrats will hold their leadership elections in the coming week, while new members are in Washington for orientation. Mitch McConnell will remain the Majority Leader of the GOP in the Senate. With the retirement of Harry Reid (D-NV), New York Senator Chuck Schumer will likely become the Minority Leader for the Democrats in the 115th Congress.

The Republican conference and Democratic steering committee will meet to consider new member Committee assignments and Committee leadership positions during this time.

State 114th Senate Incumbent Major Party Challengers/ Candidates Winner
Alabama Richard Shelby Ron Crumpton Richard Shelby
Alaska Lisa Murkowski Ryan Metcalfe Lisa Murkowski
Arizona John McCain Rep. Ann Kirkpatrick John McCain
Arkansas John Boozman Connor Eldridge John Boozman
California Barbara Boxer (Retiring) Kamala Harris (D)
Rep. Loretta Sanchez (D)
Kamala Harris
Colorado Michael Bennet Darryl Glenn Michael Bennet
Connecticut Richard Blumenthal Dan Carter Richard Blumenthal
Florida Marco Rubio Rep. Patrick Murphy Marco Rubio
Georgia Johnny Isakson Jim Barksdale Johnny Isakson
Hawaii Brian Schatz John Carroll Brian Schatz
Idaho Mike Crapo Jerry Sturgill Mike Crapo
Illinois Mark Kirk Rep. Tammy Duckworth Rep. Tammy Duckworth
Indiana Dan Coats  (Retiring) Rep. Todd Young (R)
Evan Bayh (D)
Rep. Todd Young
Iowa Chuck Grassley Patty Judge Chuck Grassley
Kansas Jerry Moran Patrick Wiesner Jerry Moran
Kentucky Rand Paul Jim Gray Rand Paul
Louisiana* David Vitter (Retiring) Rep. Charles Boustany (R)
Rep. John Fleming (R)
John Kennedy (R)
Rob Maness (R)
Joseph Cao (R)
Abhay Patel (R)
Caroline Fayard (D)
Foster Campbell (D)
Josh Pellerin (D)
John Kennedy (R)
Foster Campbell (D)
Maryland Barbara Mikulski (Retiring) Rep. Chris Van Hollen (D)
Kathy Szliga (R)
Chris Van Hollen
Missouri Roy Blunt Jason Kander Roy Blunt
Nevada Harry Reid (Retiring) Catherine Cortez-Masto (D)
Rep. Joe Heck (R)
Catherine Cortez-Masto
New Hampshire Kelly Ayotte Maggie Hassan TBD
New York Chuck Schumer Wendy Long Chuck Schumer
North Carolina Richard Burr Deborah Ross Richard Burr
North Dakota John Hoeven Eliot Glassheim John Hoeven
Ohio Rob Portman Ted Strickland Rob Portman
Oklahoma James Lankford Mike Workman James Lankford
Oregon Ron Wyden Mark Callahan Ron Wyden
Pennsylvania Pat Toomey Katie McGinty Pat Toomey
South Carolina Tim Scott Thomas Dixon Tim Scott
South Dakota John Thune Jay Williams John Thune
Utah Mike Lee Misty Snow Mike Lee
Vermont Patrick Leahy Scott Milne Patrick Leahy
Washington Patty Murray Chris Vance Patty Murray
Wisconsin Ron Johnson Russ Feingold Ron Johnson

*Louisiana held its primary on November 8, with candidates from all parties on the ballot. A runoff between the top two will be held on December 10.

Election Overview: U.S. House of Representatives

Ahead of Election Day, Republicans were widely expected to retain their majority in the House of Representatives. Democrats needed a net gain of 30 seats to get to a majority in the House. Republicans held 246 seats, Democrats held 186 seats, and there were 3 vacancies.

The 115th House of Representatives will consist of at least 238 Republicans and 193 Democrats, a net gain of 7 seats for Democrats thus far. There are still 4 races that have not been called. These House results were widely expected.

Both parties will hold their leadership elections in the coming weeks, while the freshmen class is in Washington for new member orientation the weeks of November 14 and November 28. Leadership elections are slated for November 15.

Additionally, during this time, the House Republican and Democrat steering committees will meet to begin assigning new members to committees as well as making committee leadership determinations.

Speaker Paul Ryan (R-WI) could possibly encounter a challenge to his position in the 115th Congress. The House Freedom Caucus, a group of about 40 conservative House members, may throw a wrench in the House Republican Leadership elections, as they have done in the past and vote for a change in leadership. The Caucus, led by Jim Jordan (R-OH), was fundamental in ousting former Speaker John Boehner toward the end of last year. However, if the Caucus does decide to challenge Paul Ryan, there is no clear alternative for his replacement. Ryan needs 218 votes to retain his position; a task that is even more difficult given the loss of Republican held seats. Trump winning the election could also be a challenge for Ryan due to his unenthusiastic support of the candidate throughout the election.

Despite an uncertain future for Paul Ryan, Kevin McCarthy (R-CA) will likely remain the Majority Leader for House Republicans, and Rep. Steve Scalise (R-LA) will remain the House Majority Whip. It is expected that Nancy Pelosi will remain the Minority Leader for the Democratic Caucus.

Election Overview: Gubernatorial

The dozen gubernatorial races that occurred on election Tuesday did not garner nearly as much attention as the White House, Senate, and House of Representative elections did. Going into election Tuesday, seven of the twelve races were for open seats and only five have an incumbent Governor seeking reelection.

Of the states with Governors races, Republicans held trifecta control (one party holds the governorship, a majority in the State Senate, and a majority in the State House of Representatives) in four of the states; Indiana, North Carolina, North Dakota, and Utah. Democrats had trifecta control in three of the states; Delaware, Vermont, and Oregon.

The table below consists of all 2016 gubernatorial races, categorized by the incumbent and party, the major party challengers or candidates, and who ultimately won the election.

State Gubernatorial Incumbent Major Party Challengers/ Candidates Winner
Delaware Jack Markell (Term Limited) Rep. John Carney (D)
Colin Bonini (R)
Rep. John Carney
Indiana Mike Pence (Running for Vice President) Eric Holcomb (R)
John Gregg (D)
Eric Holcomb
Missouri Jay Nixon (Term Limited) Chris Koster (D)
Eric Greitens (R)
Eric Greitens
Montana Steve Bullock Greg Gianforte Steve Bullock
North Carolina Pat McCrory Roy Cooper TBD
North Dakota Jack Dalrymple (Retiring) Doug Burgum (R)
Marvin Nelson (D)
Doug Burgum
New Hampshire Maggie Hassan (Running for Senate) Colin Van Ostern (D)
Chris Sununu (R)
Chris Sununu
Oregon Kate Brown Bud Pierce Kate Brown
Utah Gary Herbert Mike Weinholtz Gary Herbert
Vermont Peter Shumlin (Retiring) Sue Minter (D)
Phil Scott (R)
Phil Scott
Washington Jay Inslee Bill Bryant Jay Inslee
West Virginia Earl Ray Tomblin (Term Limited) Jim Justice (D)
Bill Cole (R)
Jim Justice

Lame-Duck Agenda

Lawmakers will return to the Capitol on November 14 and 15, House and Senate respectively, for the lame-duck session. They will have about four weeks of legislative business before they adjourn again for the December holidays, only to return after the New Year and the start of the 115th Congress.

Aside from leadership elections, the top priority for lawmakers during the lame-duck will be to find an agreement to fund the federal government through the remainder of fiscal year 2017. The funding deal Congress reached before adjourning in September runs through December 9 and included one of the twelve annual appropriations bills (Military Construction and Veterans Affairs), leaving eleven on "autopilot".

There are several funding mechanisms Congress may consider. One option is to pass an omnibus spending package that contains the rest of the unresolved appropriations bill. Leaders may also decide to advance several "mini-bus" bills that package a few of the pieces together. If no agreement can be reached, Congress may pass a Continuing Resolution (CR) to fund the government at current levels. A CR could last for three months, six months, or all the way through the end of the fiscal year, which is September 30, 2017. Last December, Congress passed an omnibus spending package for fiscal year 2016.

Additionally, the Department of Defense will likely submit a supplemental spending request to Congress in the lame-duck to support military operations in Afghanistan and against ISIL in Iraq and Syria. The additional funding request could affect the broader funding and budget negotiations. President Obama will likely hold firm on his position that any increase in defense spending should be matched by an increase in non-defense spending.

Conference negotiations on the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) are expected to wrap up shortly after the election, with a conference report ready for Congressional consideration by early December. The NDAA could authorize funding for defense programs above previously authorized budget spending caps, which could solicit a veto from President Obama if similar budget relief is not offered to non-defense programs. The NDAA has passed in Congress every year for over 50 years.

Congressional leaders have also expressed a desire to pass the 21st Century Cures Act, a bill designed to modernize the health care innovation infrastructure and provide resources for cures research and treatments, during the lame-duck. That measure had wide support in both chambers, though House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi recently noted that some members of her conference do not fully support the package. There is no certainty 21st Century Cures will be considered due to the outcome of the election. It was supposed to be one of the first pieces of legislation considered during the lame-duck, but there may be backlash from the House and Senate Democrats. If this is the case, Alexander will likely bring the package up in the 115th congress as part of a drug user fee package.

Negotiations between House and Senate staff on a broad energy policy modernization bill are also ongoing. At the end of October, the Senate sent a conference report to the House. However, large differences may make it difficult for Congress to address the measure in the lame-duck session. A more ambitious agreement could come in the new Congress.

A package of expiring tax extenders may also come up. Three dozen tax provisions related to energy efficiency, mortgage insurance, tuition and education, medical costs, and more are due to expire at the end of 2016. A tax extenders package could be tied to any government funding agreement Congress considers.

Several other legislative measures could come up during the lame-duck session including the expansive trade agreement the Trans-Pacific Partnership, the Water Resources development Act (WRDA), Iranian sanctions due to expire December 31, and a revisiting of a bill that allows victims of 9/11 to sue the Saudi government; a bill that Congress passed, President Obama vetoed, and Congress then overrode.

Lawmakers have a very short window to address these issues before leaving again and most members will likely want to leave the larger and more controversial items for the new 115th Congress to address.

Looking Forward: The 115th Congress

The 115th Congress is scheduled to convene on January 3, 2017.

In the infancy of the 115th Congress, and within the first 100 days of a new Trump administration, determining what can be accomplished is still a guessing game. Republicans will now have much more leverage in the new year given they will have undivided control of the White House, the Senate, and the House of Representatives. However, there could be challenges with passing any partisan bills due to a 60 vote threshold required in the Senate.

Nominating and approving a Supreme Court Justice to replace Antonin Scalia will be a top priority for the new Trump administration and the Senate Republicans.

Trump's immediate policy priorities will include increasing border security and infrastructure spending. While infrastructure spending will have broad support, it will need a viable funding mechanism to pass in a fiscally conservative Congress.

We can also look toward the legislative priorities of Senate and House Republicans to offer guidance on what we can expect early on next year. Legislative matters that were left unresolved during the 114th Congress could be early priorities in the 115th.

Congressional Republicans, including Speaker Paul Ryan, have suggested that tax overhaul would be the first legislative item on agenda. Ryan has suggested using the budget reconciliation process, which requires only a majority vote in the Senate, to advance tax reform. Tax reform is part of Ryan's "A Better Way" plan released earlier this year.

Dismantling and replacing President Obama's health care law and rolling back financial regulations, such as Dodd-Frank, will likely be top priorities for Congressional Republicans who are no longer encumbered by a Democratic President.

In the Senate, regulatory reform for community banks and credit unions is also seen as one of the few areas where Republicans and Democrats can work together. However, there is no certainty on how cooperative Senate Democrats will be in advancing a Republican agenda.

Troutman Sanders Strategies will provide a more in-depth outlook on legislative and policy priorities for the 115th Congress toward the end of the year.

Senate Committee Leadership in the 115th Congress

Agriculture, Nutrition & Forestry

  • Pat Roberts (R-KS) will remain the Chairman.
  • Debbie Stabenow (D-MI) will remain the Ranking Member.

Appropriations

  • Thad Cochran (R-MS) will remain the Chairman.
  • Patty Murray (D-WA) will likely become the new Ranking Member. Dick Durbin (D-IL) may also vie for the gavel. The current Ranking Member, Barbara Mikulski (D-MD) is retiring.

Armed Services

  • John McCain (R-AZ) will remain the Chairman.
  • Jack Reed (D-RI) will remain the Ranking Member.

Banking, Housing & Urban Affairs

  • Mike Crapo (R-ID), will replace Richard Shelby (R-AL) as the Chairman. Shelby is term limited.
  • Sherrod Brown (D-OH) will likely remain the Ranking Member.

Budget

  • Mike Enzi (R-WY) will remain the Chairman.
  • Although Bernie Sanders (D-VT) is the current Ranking Member and could stay on the Committee, he may look to replace Patty Murray (D-WA) as the Ranking Member of the Senate HELP Committee if she moves to Appropriations. In that scenario, Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI) would become the Chairman.

Commerce, Science & Transportation

  • John Thune (R-SD) will remain the Chairman.
  • Bill Nelson (D-FL) will remain the Ranking Member.

Energy & Natural Resources

  • Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) will remain the Chairwoman.
  • Maria Cantwell (D-WA) will remain the Ranking Member.

Environment & Public Works

  • John Barrasso (R-WY) will likely succeed Jim Inhofe (R-OK), who is term limited.
  • Tom Carper (D-DE) may become the new Ranking Member, if he chooses not to take the top Democrat spot on the Homeland Security Committee. If he chooses Homeland Security, Ben Cardin (D-MD), Bernie Sanders (D-VT), and Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI) are other options, depending on other committee shuffles.

Ethics

  • Johnny Isakson (R-GA) will remain the Chairman.
  • Chris Coons (D-DE) is next in line to be the Ranking Member with the retirement of current Ranking Member Barbara Boxer (D-CA).

Finance

  • Orrin Hatch (R-UT) will remain the Chairman.
  • Ron Wyden (D-OR) will remain the Ranking Member.

Foreign Relations

  • Bob Corker (R-TN) will remain the Chairman.
  • Ben Cardin (D-MD) could remain the Ranking Member. Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH) could become the top Democrat if Cardin leaves for EPW.

Health, Education, Labor & Pensions (HELP)

  • Lamar Alexander (R-TN) will likely remain the Chairman.
  • If Patty Murray leaves the Committee, Bernie Sanders (D-VT) could become the Ranking Member unless he stays on the Budget Committee. If he stays, Bob Casey (D-PA) could become the top Democrat.

Homeland Security and Government Affairs

  • Ron Johnson (R-WI) will remain the Chairman.
  • Tom Carper (D-DE) could become the Ranking Member if he does not take the top Democrat spot on the Environment and Public Works Committee. If he moves to EPW, Clair McCaskill (D-MO) is next in line to take the top spot.

Intelligence

  • Richard Burr (R-NC) will remain the Chairman.
  • Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) will remain the Ranking Member.

Judiciary

  • Chuck Grassley (R-IA), will remain the Chairman.
  • Patrick Leahy (D-VT) will remain the Ranking Member.

Rules & Administration

  • Roy Blunt (R-MO) will remain the Chairman.
  • Dick Durbin (D-IL) will become the Ranking Member, replacing Chuck Schumer.

Small Business & Entrepreneurship

  • Jim Risch (R-ID) will likely become the new Chairman. David Vitter (R-LA), the current chairman, is retiring.
  • Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH) will remain the Ranking Member. If Shaheen moves to Foreign Relations, Heidi Heitkamp (D-ND) could take the top spot for Democrats.

Veterans' Affairs

  • Johnny Isakson (R-GA), will remain the Chairman.
  • Richard Blumenthal (D-CT) will remain the Ranking Member.

House Committee Leadership in the 115th Congress

Agriculture

  • Michael Conaway (R-TX) will remain the Chairman.
  • Collin Peterson (D-MN) will remain the Ranking Member.

Appropriations

  • Hal Rogers (R-KY), the current Chairman, is term limited and will seek the top spot on the Appropriations' Defense Subcommittee. Rodney Frelinghuysen (R-NJ) will likely be the Chairman in the 115th Congress, though Robert Aderholt (R-AL) may also contend.
  • Nita Lowey (D-NY) will retain her position as the Ranking Member.

Armed Services

  • Mac Thornberry (R-TX) will remain as Committee Chairman.
  • Adam Smith (D-WA) will remain the Ranking Member.

Budget

  • Tom Price (R-GA) will remain as the Committee's Chairman.
  • Current Ranking Member Chris Van Hollen (D-MD) is running for the open Senate seat, so he will likely be replaced by John Yarmuth (D-KY) who is the next most senior member. Xavier Becerra (D-CA), the term limited chairman of the House Democratic Caucus Committee, may also vie for the position.

Education and the Workforce

  • The current chairman, John Kline (R-MN), is retiring at the end of the term and will likely be replaced by Virginia Foxx (R-NC).
  • Bobby Scott (D-VA) will likely retain his position as Ranking Member. However, Scott may be appointed to replace Tim Kaine in the Senate, in which case Susan Davis (D-CA) or Joe Courtney (D-CT) could become the Ranking Member.

Energy & Commerce

  • Current chairman Fred Upton (R-MI) is term limited and will likely be replaced by either Greg Walden (R-OR) or John Shimkus (R-IL).
  • Ranking Member Frank Pallone (D-NJ) will remain in his post.

Financial Services

  • Jeb Hensarling (R-TX) will remain the Chairman.
  • Maxine Waters (D-CA) will remain the Ranking Member.

Foreign Affairs

  • Ed Royce (R-CA) will remain the Chairman.
  • Eliot Engel (D-NY) will remain the Ranking Member.

Ethics

  • Charlie Dent (R-PA) will remain the Chairman.
  • It is unclear whether Linda Sanchez (D-CA) will seek another term as the Ranking Member. Mike Capuano (D-MA) is next in line of seniority.

Homeland Security

  • Michael McCaul (R-TX) will remain the Chairman.
  • Bennie Thompson (D-MS) will remain the Ranking Member.

Intelligence

  • Devin Nunes (R-CA) will remain the Chairman.
  • Adam Schiff (D-CA) will remain the Ranking Member.

Judiciary

  • Bob Goodlatte (R-VA) will remain the Chairman.
  • John Conyers (D-MI) will remain the Ranking Member.

Natural Resources

  • Rob Bishop (R-UT) will remain the Chairman.
  • Raul Grijalva (D-AZ) will remain the Ranking Member.

Oversight and Government Reform

  • Jason Chaffetz (R-UT) will remain the Chairman.
  • Elijah Cummings (D-MD) will remain the Ranking Member.

Rules

  • Pete Sessions (R-TX) will remain the Chairman.
  • Louise Slaughter (D-NY) will remain the Ranking Member.

Science, Space, and Technology

  • Lamar Smith (R-TX) will remain the Chairman.
  • Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX) will remain the Ranking Member.

Small Business

  • Steve Chabot (R-OH) will remain the Chairman.
  • Nydia Velazquez (D-NY) will remain the Ranking Member.

Transportation and Infrastructure

  • Bill Shuster (R-PA) will likely remain as the chairman. (He faces a tough reelection. If he loses he could be replaced by Jeff Denham (R-CA) or Sam Graves (R-MO))

Peter DeFazio (D-OR) will remain as the Ranking Member.

Veterans' Affairs

  • Jeff Miller (R-FL), the current chairman, is retiring at the end of the term and potentially slated for Secretary of Veterans Affairs. Miller's chair will likely be replaced by Phil Roe (R-TN) or Gus Bilirakis (R-FL).
  • Mark Takano (D-CA) or Tim Walz (D-MN) will likely replace Corrine Brown (D-FL), who lost her primary race, as Ranking Member.

Ways & Means

  • Kevin Brady (R-TX) will remain the Chairman.
  • Sander Levin (D-MI) will remain the Ranking Member

Who's Leaving Congress?

Senate

Barbara Boxer (D-CA) 1

Dan Coats (R-IN) 1

David Vitter (R-LA) 1

Barbara Mikulski (D-MD) 1

Harry Reid (D-NV) 1

House of Representatives

Ann Kirkpatrick (D-AZ) 2

Matt Salmon (R-AZ) 1

Lois Capps (D-CA) 1

Loretta Sanchez (D-CA)2

Janice Hahn (D-CA) 4

Sam Farr (D-CA) 1

John Carney (D-DE)4

Gwen Graham (D-FL) 1

Patrick Murphy (D-FL) 2

Curt Clawson (D-FL) 1

Jeff Miller (R-FL) 1

Ander Crenshaw (R-FL) 1

Corrine Brown (D-FL) 3

Alan Grayson (D-FL) 3

Rich Nugent (R-FL) 1

Lynn Westmoreland (R-GA) 1

Mark Takai (D-HI) 6

Aaron Schock (R-IL) 5

Tammy Duckworth (D-IL) 2

Todd Young (R-IN) 2

Marlin Stutzman (R-IN) 3

Tim Huelskamp (R-KS) 3

Edward Whitfield (R-KY) 5

Charles Boustany (R-LA) 2

John Fleming (R-LA) 2

Donna Edwards (D-MD) 3

Chris Van Hollen (D-MD) 2

Candice Miller (R-MI) 4

Dan Benishek (R-MI) 1 John Kline (R-MN) 1

Alan Nunnelee (R-MS) 6

Renee Ellmers (R-NC) 3

Joe Heck (R-NV) 2

Richard Hanna (R-NY) 1

Charles Rangel (D-NY) 1

Steve Israel (D-NY) 1

Chris Gibson (R-NY) 1

Michael Grimm (R-NY) 5

John Boehner (R-OH) 5

Joe Pitts (R-PA) 1

Chaka Fattah (D-PA) 5

Michael Fitzpatrick (R-PA) 1

Pedro Pierluisi (D-PR) 3

Stephen Fincher (R-TN) 1

Randy Neugebauer (R-TX) 1

Ruben Hinojosa (D-TX) 1

Robert Hurt (R-VA) 1

Scott Rigell (R-VA) 1 Randy Forbes (R-VA) 3

Jim McDermott (D-WA) 1

Reid Ribble (R-WI) 1

Cynthia Lummis (R-WY) 1

1 Retiring

2 Running for Senate

3 Defeated in a Primary or for other Office

4 Running for Other Office

5 Resigned

6 Deceased

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

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Information Collection and Use

We require site users to register with Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to view the free information on the site. We also collect information from our users at several different points on the websites: this is so that we can customise the sites according to individual usage, provide 'session-aware' functionality, and ensure that content is acquired and developed appropriately. This gives us an overall picture of our user profiles, which in turn shows to our Editorial Contributors the type of person they are reaching by posting articles on Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) – meaning more free content for registered users.

We are only able to provide the material on the Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) site free to site visitors because we can pass on information about the pages that users are viewing and the personal information users provide to us (e.g. email addresses) to reputable contributing firms such as law firms who author those pages. We do not sell or rent information to anyone else other than the authors of those pages, who may change from time to time. Should you wish us not to disclose your details to any of these parties, please tick the box above or tick the box marked "Opt out of Registration Information Disclosure" on the Your Profile page. We and our author organisations may only contact you via email or other means if you allow us to do so. Users can opt out of contact when they register on the site, or send an email to unsubscribe@mondaq.com with “no disclosure” in the subject heading

Mondaq News Alerts

In order to receive Mondaq News Alerts, users have to complete a separate registration form. This is a personalised service where users choose regions and topics of interest and we send it only to those users who have requested it. Users can stop receiving these Alerts by going to the Mondaq News Alerts page and deselecting all interest areas. In the same way users can amend their personal preferences to add or remove subject areas.

Cookies

A cookie is a small text file written to a user’s hard drive that contains an identifying user number. The cookies do not contain any personal information about users. We use the cookie so users do not have to log in every time they use the service and the cookie will automatically expire if you do not visit the Mondaq website (or its affiliate sites) for 12 months. We also use the cookie to personalise a user's experience of the site (for example to show information specific to a user's region). As the Mondaq sites are fully personalised and cookies are essential to its core technology the site will function unpredictably with browsers that do not support cookies - or where cookies are disabled (in these circumstances we advise you to attempt to locate the information you require elsewhere on the web). However if you are concerned about the presence of a Mondaq cookie on your machine you can also choose to expire the cookie immediately (remove it) by selecting the 'Log Off' menu option as the last thing you do when you use the site.

Some of our business partners may use cookies on our site (for example, advertisers). However, we have no access to or control over these cookies and we are not aware of any at present that do so.

Log Files

We use IP addresses to analyse trends, administer the site, track movement, and gather broad demographic information for aggregate use. IP addresses are not linked to personally identifiable information.

Links

This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that Mondaq (or its affiliate sites) are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of these third party sites. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this Web site.

Surveys & Contests

From time-to-time our site requests information from users via surveys or contests. Participation in these surveys or contests is completely voluntary and the user therefore has a choice whether or not to disclose any information requested. Information requested may include contact information (such as name and delivery address), and demographic information (such as postcode, age level). Contact information will be used to notify the winners and award prizes. Survey information will be used for purposes of monitoring or improving the functionality of the site.

Mail-A-Friend

If a user elects to use our referral service for informing a friend about our site, we ask them for the friend’s name and email address. Mondaq stores this information and may contact the friend to invite them to register with Mondaq, but they will not be contacted more than once. The friend may contact Mondaq to request the removal of this information from our database.

Emails

From time to time Mondaq may send you emails promoting Mondaq services including new services. You may opt out of receiving such emails by clicking below.

*** If you do not wish to receive any future announcements of services offered by Mondaq you may opt out by clicking here .

Security

This website takes every reasonable precaution to protect our users’ information. When users submit sensitive information via the website, your information is protected using firewalls and other security technology. If you have any questions about the security at our website, you can send an email to webmaster@mondaq.com.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user’s personally identifiable information changes (such as postcode), or if a user no longer desires our service, we will endeavour to provide a way to correct, update or remove that user’s personal data provided to us. This can usually be done at the “Your Profile” page or by sending an email to EditorialAdvisor@mondaq.com.

Notification of Changes

If we decide to change our Terms & Conditions or Privacy Policy, we will post those changes on our site so our users are always aware of what information we collect, how we use it, and under what circumstances, if any, we disclose it. If at any point we decide to use personally identifiable information in a manner different from that stated at the time it was collected, we will notify users by way of an email. Users will have a choice as to whether or not we use their information in this different manner. We will use information in accordance with the privacy policy under which the information was collected.

How to contact Mondaq

You can contact us with comments or queries at enquiries@mondaq.com.

If for some reason you believe Mondaq Ltd. has not adhered to these principles, please notify us by e-mail at problems@mondaq.com and we will use commercially reasonable efforts to determine and correct the problem promptly.