Ireland: Establishing A Business In Ireland

Ireland is one of the best countries in the world for business. This is largely due to successive Irish governments and their agencies promoting inward investment, Ireland's membership of the EU, low corporation tax and a skilled and expanding work force in various growing sectors.

Over 1,000 international companies are set up in Ireland. These companies are involved in a wide range of business activities and sectors, including the following:

Financial Services

Since its establishment in 1987, Dublin's International Financial Services Centre (IFSC) has emerged as a significant global financial centre. The IFSC is serviced by a range of international financial services companies that carry out activities such as banking, fund management and administration, corporate treasury, aircraft and equipment leasing and insurance services. Citigroup, JP Morgan, Morgan Stanley, Bank of America, Deutsche Bank, BNP Paribas, Wells Fargo, AXA Insurance and ORIX Aviation are just a few of many established international financial operations located in Ireland. In addition, over 350 fund promoters from 50 different countries have established regulated investment funds in Ireland.

Electronics and Engineering

Leading multinationals have established operations in various geographical locations in Ireland, where they carry out a wide range of manufacturing and research related activities. Examples of such companies include Apple Inc., Liebherr, SR Technics, Siemens and Microsoft.

Pharmaceuticals, healthcare and biosciences

Many global leaders in the healthcare, pharmaceutical and bioscience sectors, including, Pfizer, Novartis, Elan, Sanofi, Abbott and GlaxoSmithKline, have a significant presence in Ireland. In fact, nine of the world's top ten pharmaceutical companies have substantial operations in Ireland.

Research & Development

Ireland's intellectual property laws combined with Government initiatives including tax credits, support from the Government funded Science Foundation Ireland and a focused approach to furthering the development of a sophisticated knowledge based economy, have resulted in the establishment of numerous research and development projects in Ireland.

Sales & Marketing

Strategic global business development and support activities have been implemented from Ireland by multinationals such as IBM, Apple Inc, Google and Amazon.


A variety of language skills amongst an available workforce have influenced the creation of a large number of call centre, telemarketing and shared services centres in Ireland. In recent years, American Airlines, Hertz, UPS, Oracle and AOL have chosen Ireland as a location for such centres.

Holding Company Regime

Ireland's capital gains tax exemption for certain shareholdings accompanied by reliefs for overseas tax on dividend income received by Irish resident companies has contributed to a significant increase in the establishment of international holding companies in Ireland. Such reliefs have facilitated the use of Irish registered companies as investment vehicles for foreign investors seeking the most tax efficient means of investing in international projects in a number of countries, including China, Japan and the USA.


EU Membership

Ireland is an established member of the European Union, offering investors ready access to the EU internal market. This will be particularly important after Britain's exit from the EU. It is likely that the freedom of movement, capital and goods from the UK to the EU will be restricted in light of the recent Brexit referendum. The EU imports and exports hundreds of millions of euros worth of goods each day. Ireland is an ideal location to set up a business and benefit from this internal market. In contrast with the UK, Ireland can offer a stable structure of secure EU membership and certainty of where it will be in the next 10/20 years.


Ireland has a well-developed transport system, with strong domestic and international connections. There are a number of large seaports that directly connect Ireland with various European countries. There are five international as well as six domestic airports throughout the country. Ireland is a mere one hour flight from London and 90 minutes from Paris and Brussels. Ireland has a developed public transport system, including a sophisticated network off primary and secondary roads that link the major population zones within the country.

Financial Infrastructure

Ireland's financial and banking sectors are regulated by the Central Bank of Ireland and over 50 of the world's top banks have operations in Ireland. The Irish financial sector is therefore very experienced in handling the business of international businesses.

Government Incentives

The Irish government actively encourages international companies to choose Ireland as a European base by providing a package of incentives which consist of fiscal incentives and financial assistance. Such state financial assistance, usually in the form of grant assistance, can contribute to significant reductions of initial startup costs.

The availability of grant assistance is largely dependent on two factors; first, the intended geographical location of the project in Ireland and, secondly, the level and quality of the employment that is to be created. Projects in the regions outside of Ireland are more likely to obtain assistance.

The IDA is the primary government agency with responsibility for creation of employment and the promotion of foreign direct investment into Ireland and the development of those international companies that have an established Irish presence. The IDA remains committed to attracting high level foreign direct investment and can generally provide a wide range of grant aid for new industry.


Types of Corporations available under Irish law

The most appropriate company type is a private company limited by shares. The shareholders of a private limited company have limited liability (i.e. their liability is limited to the amount, if any, unpaid on the shares they hold). The liability of the shareholders of a private unlimited company is not limited. A private unlimited company is not required to file its annual accounts with the Irish Companies Registration Office and therefore the financial results of a private unlimited company are generally not available to the public. However we would not recommend this type of company to you.

How to set up a Company

If you decide to establish a private company, certain documents need to be filed with the Irish Companies Registration Office (CRO). This includes details about the proposed shareholders, directors and company secretary of the company, and written consent of the directors and company secretary acknowledging their legal obligations.

The constitution of the company is the document that specifies the rules governing the relationship and activities of the company, its directors and shareholders. It also must be submitted to the CRO with a Form A1 which sets out information relating to the company and the fees for incorporation. Once a new company is incorporated, these documents become available for public inspection.

As soon as the paperwork is submitted to the CRO and the requirements for incorporation have been met, the constitution of the company is registered. The Registrar then issues a certificate of incorporation. It normally takes 15 days to incorporate a company however, it is possible to have a company formed within five to ten working days if needs be or to acquire a shelf company.

Board of Directors

Generally speaking a company which is incorporated in Ireland shall be regarded as resident in Ireland for tax purposes. The incorporation test cannot be relied upon where the company is regarded as not tax resident in Ireland under a double taxation treaty between Ireland and another country. The residence of a company under a double taxation treaty normally depends on the location of central management and control. The management of the company is usually carried out by the board of directors of the company. One of the key factors for determining the location of central management and control is where the meetings of the board of directors are held.

Every Irish company must have at least one director resident in the European Economic Area ("EEA"). If not, the company must provide a bond to the value of €25,000 as surety in the event of the company failing to comply with certain company law and tax requirements (the cost of this bond is approximately €1,650 per year (payable bi-annually). Every Irish company is required to have a company secretary, who ensures that the company performs all of its regulatory and legislative requirements. A company secretary may also be a director of the company. Many companies use professional company secretarial services to assist with this function.

If you decide to go with this option, the Irish company must have a registered address in Ireland where all CRO correspondence and legal notices will be sent.

Branch operations in Ireland

An alternative to setting up a company in Ireland is the establishment of a "branch". This may be an option that you would look at, however it is not the most common form used by overseas companies establishing here.

A branch is a division of a foreign company trading in Ireland that appears permanent and has a separate management structure. It can negotiate contracts with third parties and has a reasonable degree of financial independence.

If you think that a branch structure may be of interest please let us know and we can provide further information to you.

Cross-Border Mergers

Another option available is the establishment a cross-border merger by acquisition in Ireland. In order to do so, it would be necessary to establish an Irish company to acquire the existing foreign company and its business by way of cross-border merger.

Once the Irish company has been incorporated, a number of pre-merger requirements have to be carried out. This includes drawing up Common Draft Terms, a Director's Explanatory Report and an Expert's Explanatory Report.

General Scope of Irish Taxation

The main advantages of setting up a business in Ireland from a taxation perspective are the low corporation tax rate of 12.5%, the capital gains tax participation exemption for holding companies and the general ability to pay and receive dividends free of withholding tax.

The key benefits of the Irish taxation regime include:

  • No withholding tax on interest payments to EU/Double Tax Treaty countries;
  • A low corporation tax environment which does not breach EU or OECD harmful tax competition criteria;
  • No withholding tax on dividends to EU/treaty countries; - A tax credit system (which includes onshore pooling) which can reduce or eliminate Irish tax on foreign dividends;
  • No withholding tax on royalties to EU/Treaty Countries, and in certain cases to non- EU/non-Treaty Countries;
  • No Controlled Foreign Corporation legislation;
  • No capital duty;
  • No thin capitalisation rules;
  • Limited transfer pricing rules;
  • Tax credit system for expenditure on research and development (with no base year restriction);
  • A comprehensive unilateral foreign tax credit system;
  • An exemption from capital gains tax in respect of the disposal of shareholdings in qualifying companies;
  • No capital gains tax exit charge for EU/treaty countries.
  • An extensive and ever expanding tax treaty network (Ireland's Tax Treaty Network);

The above is a general overview of the benefits of the taxation system in Ireland. If you are interested in receiving any further information on setting up in Ireland,

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Similar Articles
Relevancy Powered by MondaqAI
Maples Group
In association with
Related Topics
Similar Articles
Relevancy Powered by MondaqAI
Maples Group
Related Articles
Up-coming Events Search
Font Size:
Mondaq on Twitter
Mondaq Free Registration
Gain access to Mondaq global archive of over 375,000 articles covering 200 countries with a personalised News Alert and automatic login on this device.
Mondaq News Alert (some suggested topics and region)
Select Topics
Registration (please scroll down to set your data preferences)

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including your content preferences, for three primary purposes (full details of Mondaq’s use of your personal data can be found in our Privacy and Cookies Notice):

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting to show content ("Content") relevant to your interests.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, news alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our content providers ("Contributors") who contribute Content for free for your use.

Mondaq hopes that our registered users will support us in maintaining our free to view business model by consenting to our use of your personal data as described below.

Mondaq has a "free to view" business model. Our services are paid for by Contributors in exchange for Mondaq providing them with access to information about who accesses their content. Once personal data is transferred to our Contributors they become a data controller of this personal data. They use it to measure the response that their articles are receiving, as a form of market research. They may also use it to provide Mondaq users with information about their products and services.

Details of each Contributor to which your personal data will be transferred is clearly stated within the Content that you access. For full details of how this Contributor will use your personal data, you should review the Contributor’s own Privacy Notice.

Please indicate your preference below:

Yes, I am happy to support Mondaq in maintaining its free to view business model by agreeing to allow Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors whose Content I access
No, I do not want Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors

Also please let us know whether you are happy to receive communications promoting products and services offered by Mondaq:

Yes, I am happy to received promotional communications from Mondaq
No, please do not send me promotional communications from Mondaq
Terms & Conditions (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd (Mondaq). Mondaq grants you a non-exclusive, revocable licence to access the Website and associated services, such as the Mondaq News Alerts (Services), subject to and in consideration of your compliance with the following terms and conditions of use (Terms). Your use of the Website and/or Services constitutes your agreement to the Terms. Mondaq may terminate your use of the Website and Services if you are in breach of these Terms or if Mondaq decides to terminate the licence granted hereunder for any reason whatsoever.

Use of

To Use you must be: eighteen (18) years old or over; legally capable of entering into binding contracts; and not in any way prohibited by the applicable law to enter into these Terms in the jurisdiction which you are currently located.

You may use the Website as an unregistered user, however, you are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the Content or to receive the Services.

You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these Terms or with the prior written consent of Mondaq. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information from the Content. Nor shall you extract information about users or Contributors in order to offer them any services or products.

In your use of the Website and/or Services you shall: comply with all applicable laws, regulations, directives and legislations which apply to your Use of the Website and/or Services in whatever country you are physically located including without limitation any and all consumer law, export control laws and regulations; provide to us true, correct and accurate information and promptly inform us in the event that any information that you have provided to us changes or becomes inaccurate; notify Mondaq immediately of any circumstances where you have reason to believe that any Intellectual Property Rights or any other rights of any third party may have been infringed; co-operate with reasonable security or other checks or requests for information made by Mondaq from time to time; and at all times be fully liable for the breach of any of these Terms by a third party using your login details to access the Website and/or Services

however, you shall not: do anything likely to impair, interfere with or damage or cause harm or distress to any persons, or the network; do anything that will infringe any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights of Mondaq or any third party; or use the Website, Services and/or Content otherwise than in accordance with these Terms; use any trade marks or service marks of Mondaq or the Contributors, or do anything which may be seen to take unfair advantage of the reputation and goodwill of Mondaq or the Contributors, or the Website, Services and/or Content.

Mondaq reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to take any action that it deems necessary and appropriate in the event it considers that there is a breach or threatened breach of the Terms.

Mondaq’s Rights and Obligations

Unless otherwise expressly set out to the contrary, nothing in these Terms shall serve to transfer from Mondaq to you, any Intellectual Property Rights owned by and/or licensed to Mondaq and all rights, title and interest in and to such Intellectual Property Rights will remain exclusively with Mondaq and/or its licensors.

Mondaq shall use its reasonable endeavours to make the Website and Services available to you at all times, but we cannot guarantee an uninterrupted and fault free service.

Mondaq reserves the right to make changes to the services and/or the Website or part thereof, from time to time, and we may add, remove, modify and/or vary any elements of features and functionalities of the Website or the services.

Mondaq also reserves the right from time to time to monitor your Use of the Website and/or services.


The Content is general information only. It is not intended to constitute legal advice or seek to be the complete and comprehensive statement of the law, nor is it intended to address your specific requirements or provide advice on which reliance should be placed. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the Content for any purpose. All Content provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers hereby exclude and disclaim all representations, warranties or guarantees with regard to the Content, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Mondaq expressly excludes all representations, warranties, obligations, and liabilities arising out of or in connection with all Content. In no event shall Mondaq and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use of the Content or performance of Mondaq’s Services.


Mondaq may alter or amend these Terms by amending them on the Website. By continuing to Use the Services and/or the Website after such amendment, you will be deemed to have accepted any amendment to these Terms.

These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales and you irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales to settle any dispute which may arise out of or in connection with these Terms. If you live outside the United Kingdom, English law shall apply only to the extent that English law shall not deprive you of any legal protection accorded in accordance with the law of the place where you are habitually resident ("Local Law"). In the event English law deprives you of any legal protection which is accorded to you under Local Law, then these terms shall be governed by Local Law and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these Terms shall be subject to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts where you are habitually resident.

You may print and keep a copy of these Terms, which form the entire agreement between you and Mondaq and supersede any other communications or advertising in respect of the Service and/or the Website.

No delay in exercising or non-exercise by you and/or Mondaq of any of its rights under or in connection with these Terms shall operate as a waiver or release of each of your or Mondaq’s right. Rather, any such waiver or release must be specifically granted in writing signed by the party granting it.

If any part of these Terms is held unenforceable, that part shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to give effect to the intent of the parties, and the Terms shall continue in full force and effect.

Mondaq shall not incur any liability to you on account of any loss or damage resulting from any delay or failure to perform all or any part of these Terms if such delay or failure is caused, in whole or in part, by events, occurrences, or causes beyond the control of Mondaq. Such events, occurrences or causes will include, without limitation, acts of God, strikes, lockouts, server and network failure, riots, acts of war, earthquakes, fire and explosions.

By clicking Register you state you have read and agree to our Terms and Conditions