To qualify for a listing on ASX (including a backdoor listing),
ASX Listing Rules require the entity to have a minimum number of
shareholders. This shareholder spread requirement is often a
significant hurdle for smaller enterprises who seek to be listed on
ASX, especially where their main businesses are based overseas and
therefore may not be familiar to investors in Australia.
In April 2012, ASX issued a consultation paper, which includes a
proposal to lower the shareholder spread requirement for an ASX
Shareholder spread requirement
The current and proposed requirements for a minimum number of
shareholders with a minimum holding of A$2,000 each are:
If less than 25% of the shares are held by non-related
If at least 25% but less than 50% of the shares are held by
If at least 50% of the shares are held by non-related
This represents a significant lowering of a major hurdle faced
by a small listing applicant.
Local shareholder spread requirement
ASX generally requires an entity's initial shareholder base
on listing to comprise of at least 300 local Australian
shareholders with a minimum holding of A$2,000 each. This
requirement is not specified in the ASX Listing Rules, and is not
mentioned in the consultation paper. It remains to be seen whether
ASX will lower this requirement proportionally in line with the
proposed lowering of the general shareholder spread requirement.
This should encourage more overseas businesses to seek listing on
ASX, as currently they often find it difficult to get the minimum
number of local shareholders.
Net tangible assets test
Most small businesses rely on the net tangible assets test of a
minimum of A$2 million to qualify for ASX listings. ASX has
proposed that this minimum threshold be increased to A$4 million.
We do not expect this change to have any significant negative
impact on potential listing applicants, as the majority of them
will have net tangible assets in excess of A$4 million in any
An actuarial review of the Invensys Australia Superannuation Fund showed it to be in surplus to the tune of $189.2 million. In mid 2003, the Invensys Group proposed to the trustee that the surplus be repatriated to the principal employer in the group.
CIVs will have flow-through status for tax purposes and similar criteria as the MITs, to encourage foreign investment.
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