Turkey: The Regulation On Restructuring Of Loans Now Extended To Foreign Credit Institutions!

The Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency ("BRSA") has amended the Regulation on Restructuring of Loans Owed to Banks and Financing Companies ("Regulation"), which was first published on 15 August 20181. Soon after publication, foreign banks have raised opposition to the Regulation and the practices under it. As a result, major amendments to the Regulation were published on the Official Gazette dated 21 November 20182. We summarize below the latest changes introduced on the restructuring process.

The Regulation before the Amendments

The Regulation stipulates that banks and various financing institutions may enter into a financial restructuring framework agreement, drafted by the Banks Association of Turkey ("BAT"), in order to provide the borrowers with the opportunity to fulfill their payment obligations and continue to foster employment. Some of the restructuring terms that can be set out under such a framework agreement are as follows:

1. Extending the maturity of loans,

2. Renewal of existing loans,

3. Granting additional indebtedness,

4. Reducing or writing off receivables loans such as capital, interest, default interest, profit shares.

The Regulation provides that, where an agreement for the restructuring of loans ("Restructuring Agreement") is signed between a borrower and its creditors who signed the framework agreement, if such creditors hold 2/3 of the total amount owed to the creditors who are party to the framework agreement, the remaining creditors (who signed the framework agreement but not the restructuring agreement) are also required to take part in the restructuring process.

BAT had already drafted a framework agreement in light of the Regulation, which was signed on 19 September 2018 by the majority of the financial institutions in Turkey according to the information provided by BAT (PDF, only available in Turkish). The current version of the framework agreement is accessible on BAT's website, although it is only available in Turkish for now.

The Regulation after the Amendments

One of the significant changes introduced by the amendment relates to the role of foreign creditors and international institutions. With the amendment, it has now become possible for these foreign institutions to take part in the restructurings if they request to do so, without the consent of other banks and the financing companies that have signed the restructuring agreement. The amendments also provide that the principles and procedures in relation to such participation shall be regulated under the framework agreement. We have been verbally informed by BAT that it has revised the framework agreement in light of the amendments to the Regulation and that the amended framework agreement is now open for signature by financial institutions. The signature process is expected to be concluded soon.

Some of the other amendments to the Regulation are as follows:

  • Although the borrowers which can benefit from the Regulation were not specified under the previous version of the Regulation, the amended version excludes Turkish banks, capital market institutions, insurance companies, re-insurance companies, financial leasing companies, factoring companies, financing companies, payment services and electronic money institutions.
  • For a borrower to be able to take part in a restructuring, its financial status and its ability to pay its loans "within a reasonable period of time" as a result of the implementation of a restructuring plan needs to be established. The wording of the provision has been changed and "the reasonable period of time" requirement is brought. As there is no clarity regarding the duration of such reasonable period of time, problems are expected to arise in practice.
  • It will now be sufficient for the institutions which shall determine the financial status of the borrower to be specified under the framework agreements as the provision stipulating the requirement of obtaining the BRSA's approval is abolished.

Along with the changes above, the following provisions have been abolished.

  1. The provision that the statute of limitation for the subject loans will be interrupted upon signature of the financial restructuring framework agreement is abolished. It follows that the statute of limitation shall no longer be interrupted through signature of the framework agreement.
  2. The provision prohibiting charging an interest rate lower than the market rate and granting additional financing to borrowers within the same risk group is abolished.
  3. The provision prohibiting the disclosure of client confidential information by credit institutions among themselves and with third parties other than the ones explicitly authorized by law is abolished.

We will update our readers with any developments regarding the signature process of the revised framework agreement and any clarifications from BAT in due course.

Footnotes

1. The Official Gazette numbered 30510 and dated 15.08.2018

2. Official Gazette numbered 30602 and dated 21.11.2018

Originally published 17 December 2018

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on Mondaq.com.

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Authors
Similar Articles
Relevancy Powered by MondaqAI
Ozdirekcan Dundar Senocak (Correspondent Firm of Gide Loyrette Nouel)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law
 
Some comments from our readers…
“The articles are extremely timely and highly applicable”
“I often find critical information not available elsewhere”
“As in-house counsel, Mondaq’s service is of great value”

Related Topics
 
Similar Articles
Relevancy Powered by MondaqAI
Ozdirekcan Dundar Senocak (Correspondent Firm of Gide Loyrette Nouel)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law
Related Articles
 
Up-coming Events Search
Tools
Print
Font Size:
Translation
Channels
Mondaq on Twitter
 
Mondaq Free Registration
Gain access to Mondaq global archive of over 375,000 articles covering 200 countries with a personalised News Alert and automatic login on this device.
Mondaq News Alert (some suggested topics and region)
Select Topics
Registration (please scroll down to set your data preferences)

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including your content preferences, for three primary purposes (full details of Mondaq’s use of your personal data can be found in our Privacy and Cookies Notice):

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting to show content ("Content") relevant to your interests.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, news alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our content providers ("Contributors") who contribute Content for free for your use.

Mondaq hopes that our registered users will support us in maintaining our free to view business model by consenting to our use of your personal data as described below.

Mondaq has a "free to view" business model. Our services are paid for by Contributors in exchange for Mondaq providing them with access to information about who accesses their content. Once personal data is transferred to our Contributors they become a data controller of this personal data. They use it to measure the response that their articles are receiving, as a form of market research. They may also use it to provide Mondaq users with information about their products and services.

Details of each Contributor to which your personal data will be transferred is clearly stated within the Content that you access. For full details of how this Contributor will use your personal data, you should review the Contributor’s own Privacy Notice.

Please indicate your preference below:

Yes, I am happy to support Mondaq in maintaining its free to view business model by agreeing to allow Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors whose Content I access
No, I do not want Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors

Also please let us know whether you are happy to receive communications promoting products and services offered by Mondaq:

Yes, I am happy to received promotional communications from Mondaq
No, please do not send me promotional communications from Mondaq
Terms & Conditions

Mondaq.com (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd (Mondaq). Mondaq grants you a non-exclusive, revocable licence to access the Website and associated services, such as the Mondaq News Alerts (Services), subject to and in consideration of your compliance with the following terms and conditions of use (Terms). Your use of the Website and/or Services constitutes your agreement to the Terms. Mondaq may terminate your use of the Website and Services if you are in breach of these Terms or if Mondaq decides to terminate the licence granted hereunder for any reason whatsoever.

Use of www.mondaq.com

To Use Mondaq.com you must be: eighteen (18) years old or over; legally capable of entering into binding contracts; and not in any way prohibited by the applicable law to enter into these Terms in the jurisdiction which you are currently located.

You may use the Website as an unregistered user, however, you are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the Content or to receive the Services.

You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these Terms or with the prior written consent of Mondaq. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information from the Content. Nor shall you extract information about users or Contributors in order to offer them any services or products.

In your use of the Website and/or Services you shall: comply with all applicable laws, regulations, directives and legislations which apply to your Use of the Website and/or Services in whatever country you are physically located including without limitation any and all consumer law, export control laws and regulations; provide to us true, correct and accurate information and promptly inform us in the event that any information that you have provided to us changes or becomes inaccurate; notify Mondaq immediately of any circumstances where you have reason to believe that any Intellectual Property Rights or any other rights of any third party may have been infringed; co-operate with reasonable security or other checks or requests for information made by Mondaq from time to time; and at all times be fully liable for the breach of any of these Terms by a third party using your login details to access the Website and/or Services

however, you shall not: do anything likely to impair, interfere with or damage or cause harm or distress to any persons, or the network; do anything that will infringe any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights of Mondaq or any third party; or use the Website, Services and/or Content otherwise than in accordance with these Terms; use any trade marks or service marks of Mondaq or the Contributors, or do anything which may be seen to take unfair advantage of the reputation and goodwill of Mondaq or the Contributors, or the Website, Services and/or Content.

Mondaq reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to take any action that it deems necessary and appropriate in the event it considers that there is a breach or threatened breach of the Terms.

Mondaq’s Rights and Obligations

Unless otherwise expressly set out to the contrary, nothing in these Terms shall serve to transfer from Mondaq to you, any Intellectual Property Rights owned by and/or licensed to Mondaq and all rights, title and interest in and to such Intellectual Property Rights will remain exclusively with Mondaq and/or its licensors.

Mondaq shall use its reasonable endeavours to make the Website and Services available to you at all times, but we cannot guarantee an uninterrupted and fault free service.

Mondaq reserves the right to make changes to the services and/or the Website or part thereof, from time to time, and we may add, remove, modify and/or vary any elements of features and functionalities of the Website or the services.

Mondaq also reserves the right from time to time to monitor your Use of the Website and/or services.

Disclaimer

The Content is general information only. It is not intended to constitute legal advice or seek to be the complete and comprehensive statement of the law, nor is it intended to address your specific requirements or provide advice on which reliance should be placed. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the Content for any purpose. All Content provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers hereby exclude and disclaim all representations, warranties or guarantees with regard to the Content, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Mondaq expressly excludes all representations, warranties, obligations, and liabilities arising out of or in connection with all Content. In no event shall Mondaq and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use of the Content or performance of Mondaq’s Services.

General

Mondaq may alter or amend these Terms by amending them on the Website. By continuing to Use the Services and/or the Website after such amendment, you will be deemed to have accepted any amendment to these Terms.

These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales and you irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales to settle any dispute which may arise out of or in connection with these Terms. If you live outside the United Kingdom, English law shall apply only to the extent that English law shall not deprive you of any legal protection accorded in accordance with the law of the place where you are habitually resident ("Local Law"). In the event English law deprives you of any legal protection which is accorded to you under Local Law, then these terms shall be governed by Local Law and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these Terms shall be subject to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts where you are habitually resident.

You may print and keep a copy of these Terms, which form the entire agreement between you and Mondaq and supersede any other communications or advertising in respect of the Service and/or the Website.

No delay in exercising or non-exercise by you and/or Mondaq of any of its rights under or in connection with these Terms shall operate as a waiver or release of each of your or Mondaq’s right. Rather, any such waiver or release must be specifically granted in writing signed by the party granting it.

If any part of these Terms is held unenforceable, that part shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to give effect to the intent of the parties, and the Terms shall continue in full force and effect.

Mondaq shall not incur any liability to you on account of any loss or damage resulting from any delay or failure to perform all or any part of these Terms if such delay or failure is caused, in whole or in part, by events, occurrences, or causes beyond the control of Mondaq. Such events, occurrences or causes will include, without limitation, acts of God, strikes, lockouts, server and network failure, riots, acts of war, earthquakes, fire and explosions.

By clicking Register you state you have read and agree to our Terms and Conditions